Shanghai is the third city in China to introduce a fully automated metro line. The unmanned trains run on the Pujiang Line, which increased the total metro network of the city to 672 km. There are six stations along the line with four elevated trains running from Shendu Highway to Huizhen Road.
Features of the Shanghai Keolis Pujiang Line
The APM system features short distances from one station to another. The trains are lightweight, which allows fast acceleration and deceleration. An integrated control center oversees the operations of the line and monitors the stations and the trains. The line features an advanced signaling system that makes it possible for the trains to operate unmanned. The trains run every three minutes and 20 seconds during peak times, and every six minutes during off-peak hours.
Shanghai Keolis utilizes an automated people-mover system, which is also currently used in Guangzhou and Beijing. The system allows passengers to look out the windows at the back and front of the trains. The trains have rubber tires to reduce noise while moving.
The automated trains have a smaller turning radius that provides them with better flexibility. However, it makes the ride shakier for commuters. At present, there are six employees at each station, but the operator hopes to reduce the staff to one or two.
Shanghai Keolis is the operator of the Pujiang line. It is a joint venture between Keolis Group and Shanghai Sentong Metro Group. The government awarded the operations and maintenance contract to the joint venture two years ago. The company has been operating in China since 2014, and since then it has won two automated metro contracts.
Aside from the Pujiang line, the company also received the contract for the Automated Rapid Transit Transport System at the Shanghai Pudong International Airport. The airport line is set to launch in 2019.